Where We Work

Where We Work

Northern Tanzania is one of the world’s greatest centers of large mammal biodiversity. Today, human population growth, unplanned development, agricultural expansion, human-wildlife conflict, and climate change threaten the future of the region. APW currently works to protect endangered wildlife and empower rural communities across six critical landscapes.

The Maasai Steppe in northern Tanzania

Maasai Steppe

The Maasai Steppe is a vast landscape stretching from the Usambara mountains to the Great Rift Valley. We focus on the vibrant community rangelands to the east and southeast of Tarangire National Park, including the Simanjiro plains. These lands are home to Maasai pastoralists and an extraordinary diversity of endangered or vulnerable species including elephant, lion, cheetah, leopard, wild dog, fringe-eared oryx, and giraffe as well as a host of other large mammals including buffalo, zebra, wildebeest, gerenuk and eland.

Lake Burunge-Manyara

Nestled against the astonishing Great Rift valley escarpment, the Lake Burunge-Manyara landscape represents a critical corridor for key wildlife species moving between Tarangire National Park and Lake Manyara National Park. In this landscape, we focus on the community rangelands extending between the two national parks and Manyara Ranch as well as the Burunge Wildlife Management Area. Throughout these lands, conflict between people, livestock, and lions is extensive.

The Lake Burunge-Manyara landscape in northern Tanzania
A herd of zebra in the Engaruka Valley landscape in northern Tanzania

Engaruka Valley

Connecting the Lake Burunge-Manyara and Maasai Steppe landscapes to Lake Natron, this beautiful valley winds past Oldonyo Lengai or the Mountain of God. Wise rangeland conservation in this valley is critical for dispersing wildebeest, zebra, and other wildlife species as well as Maasai pastoralists who depend on access to mobility for the survival of their livestock.

Greater Lake Natron

The Greater Lake Natron landscape stretches along the border with Kenya and is in the Gregory Rift, the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley. Declared an International Ramsar wetland site for its biodiversity, the Lake Natron basin is the sole known breeding grounds of the East African Lesser Flamingo. Our efforts in this landscape focus on the communal rangelands to the east of the lake, including the Natron Wildlife Management Area where extremely arid conditions require wise rangeland management for people and wildlife alike.

The Greater Lake Natron landscape in northern Tanzania
The West Kilimanjaro landscape in northern Tanzania

West Kilimanjaro

The West Kilimanjaro landscape connects the slopes of Africa’s tallest mountain to the world-famous Amboseli National Park in Kenya. The beautiful savannahs in this area provide forage for the Maasai’s livestock as well as passage for the world famous Amboseli elephants and hunting grounds for large carnivores. In this landscape, we work with communities in and around the Enduimet Wildlife Management Area, a community-run conservation area.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is one of Tanzania’s most famous protected areas where people and wildlife coexist. Designated as a World Heritage Site, it spans approximately 8300 square kilometers. The area is most known for its caldera where approximately 25,000 large mammals abound and where Maasai pastoralists historically descended to water their cattle. Our efforts focus on the community rangelands bordering the caldera and extending towards the Serengeti plains where livestock, wildebeest, and other species frequently intermix.

A rhinoceros in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in northern Tanzania

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